Belemnites are bullet-shaped fossils of extinct cephalopods, related to modern-day squid. Belemnites lived as nektonic, predatory animals in marine environments. Exceptional preservation of belemnites showing soft-part preservation has shown them to be similar to squid in shape... Read more


  • Phylum: Mollusca
  • Class: Cephalopoda
  • Subclass: Coleoidea
  • Cohort: Belemnoidea

Diagnostic features

These are the features that will help you to identify fossils as belemnites, and that you should be attempting to label on a sketch.

  • 'Bullet' shape
  • Phragmocone
  • Guard

Stratigraphic range

Carboniferous to Cretaceous